Imagine this; your vehicle begins to stall. And since you have a little bit of DIY automotive troubleshooting knowledge, you first suspect that it’s the Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor, so you unplug it.
Your car might run better when your mass air flow sensor is unplugged, as a result of a faulty MAF sensor sending the wrong readings to ECU. Another reason can be a leak in the intake hose which connects to the MAF sensor, skewing the readings sent to the ECU.
Surprise, surprise, you nailed the solution to this problem. But the question is: Why does it run better, and how long will it last?
What is a Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor?
Before we answer this, let’s talk about the Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor. This part might seem small, but it will make all the difference in the drivability of your vehicle.
Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor measures the volume and density of air getting drawn into your engine. It’s going to send out a little signal that goes out to the car’s computer or Engine Control Unit (ECU).
The air mass data is essential for the ECU to send the correct amount of fuel to the engine. Air changes its density with temperature and pressure.
The sensor says you need to match this amount of fuel to this amount of air so that the vehicle can run efficiently. The accuracy of the Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor is critical in making sure that your engine runs properly.
If for some reason, it’s dirty in any way or even damaged, it’s going to cause an issue with the drivability of your vehicle.
Signs of a bad MAF sensor
Some of the symptoms when your mass air flow sensor would go bad:
- Hard starting
- Poor fuel economy
- It skips little bit, or maybe hesitant when stepping on the gas even when you want it to go.
Your vehicle doesn’t respond well enough because the MAF sensor doesn’t sense how much air is getting pulled through the intake to mix with the fuel. So, your vehicle does not know what’s going on.
You might also notice you get a check engine light that comes on your dash. The code that will probably come up on the OBD scanner will be P0101, a universal fault code for MAF sensor problems for most manufacturers (assuming that it’s the MAF Sensor).
This code indicates that things are out of range, whether it’s getting too much air or not enough air. The sensor might be a bit dirty or maybe even broken, and that’s why it’s not communicating right with the vehicle.
Why does the car run better with the sensor unplugged?
Now let’s go back to the first question: Why would a car run better with an unplugged mass air flow sensor? Unplugging it might make the car run better. But this is not a long-term solution you should rely on.
When the sensor is unplugged, the ECU switches to a “Safe Mode “or “Limp Mode,” meaning it uses default programs to estimate the right volume of air and fuel.
These default programs in the ECU contain values suited for a new engine. With repeated use of the car, the engine undergoes wear and tear as well. These values may not be ideal for the engine for too long.
After unplugging the mass air flow sensor, and the car continues to function properly or performs better than usual, it indicates something is wrong.
In case the mass air flow sensor is faulty, it gives inaccurate readings to the computer. This impacts the fuel and air ratio in the engine, which ultimately affects the vehicle’s performance.
In such cases, when the mass air flow sensor is unplugged, the computer no longer receives the erroneous readings. The ECU sees no mass air signal and replaces it with an estimated reading to use.
How long can you drive with a disconencted MAF sensor?
You can drive your vehicle with a bad MAF sensor for a while. This will drive just fine to get to a service repair center.
Thus, if your Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor is not working correctly, it’s not a good idea to keep the car running with the sensor unplugged. Leaving it unplugged for too long without getting it fixed might start to foul spark plugs, resulting in various driving issues.
It is not advisable to continue driving your car if it has a bad MAF sensor. Ignoring the faulty MAF sensor can escalate way beyond, leading to more severe engine problems.
What should you do when the MAF sensor starts to go wrong?
Look at the vehicle’s air filter first: Air is drawn through the lower intake area, then through the air filter, which should filter out all the dirt and particles. The filtered air comes out through the other side.
At this point, it senses how much air flow is getting pulled through the air intake system, going through the MAF sensor.
For some reason, your air filter is dirty; obviously, the mass airflow sensor will sense some restriction: It’s going to say, “Hey, I’m not getting enough air; there’s going to be a problem.”
You may want to check your air filter out first and make sure that it is good.
Can you clean a MAF sensor?
It is recommended that you clean the MAF sensor every time you change the air filter. But you need to use a specific detergent that says Mass Air Flow Sensor Cleaner.
The reason for this specific cleaner is that you don’t want to leave any oils or any similar residue when you’re cleaning out the filament.
Spray 10 to 15 squirts of the MAF sensor cleaner onto the filament, wire, or plate. Do not scrub the parts, as you may break the wire or damage the plate.
Allow the MAF sensor to dry before reinstalling it completely. With a low-pressure setting, you can use compressed air to quicken the drying process, spraying it evenly from side to side about five inches away from the sensor.